Difference Between Islamic and Conventional

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ISLAMIC AND CONVENTIONAL BANKING PRODUCTS

 

S.NO# PRODUCTS MODE APPLICATION DIFFERENCE FROM CONVENTIONAL FINANCE
DEPOSIT PRODUCTS
1 CURRENT ACCOUNT A checking account where customer deposits funds based on the concept of loan and Bank is liable to repay customer its deposited amount upon demand without any benefit/ additional charges or profit. Daily banking needs of individuals/ institutions. · The deposit amount is only invested in Shari’ah-compliant avenues as opposed to interest-based investments
2 SAVING ACCOUNTS A checking account where customer deposits money as a Rabb-ul-Mal to the Bank as Mudarib to invest in Shari’ah- compliant activities in accordance with contract of Mudarabah. The profit, if any, is shared as per the declared profit-sharing ratio and loss is borne by the Rabb-ul-Maal as per their investment ratio. Daily banking and Investment need of individuals/institutions. · Customer gets profit in the form of Mudarabah profit which is profit on partnership instead of profit on loan

 

· These accounts are based on Mudarabah whereas their conventional counterparts are based on loan

 

· The deposit amount is only invested in Shari’ah- compliant avenues as opposed to interest-based investments

 

· Profit rate is not guaranteed

3 MEAADI ACCOUNT/TERM DEPOSIT A fixed term deposit reflecting customer’s investment as a Rabb-ul-Mal to the Bank (as Mudarib) to invest in Shari’ah- compliant activities in accordance with contract of Mudarabah. The profit, if any, is shared as per the declared profit-sharing ratio and loss if borne by the Rabb-ul-Maal. as per their investment ratio Saving and Investment need of individuals/institutions.  

· Customer gets profit in the form of Mudarabah profit which is profit on partnership instead of profit on loan

 

· These accounts are based on Mudarabah whereas their conventional counterparts are based on loan

 

· The deposit amount is only invested in Shari’ah- compliant avenues as opposed to interest-based investments

 

· Profit rate is not guaranteed

ASSETS PRODUCTS
1 MURABAHA Short-term facility where Bank sells specified goods/raw material to customer on deferred/spot payment basis by disclosing cost and profit. Purchase of raw materials and assets. · Subject matter of contract is asset, instead of interest-based loan

· Buying and selling of asset by Bank instead of lending and borrowing

· Profit based on trade income (buying and selling of asset) instead of markup on loan

· Inventory risk assumed by Bank through direct ownership in asset

· No markup/penalty on late payment by customer. Customer may however, undertake to donate certain amount to Bank for charitable purposes in case of late payment.

2 ISTISNA Short-term facility in which Bank orders its customer to manufacture and deliver goods to Bank as per agreed specification. After taking delivery of goods from customer, these goods are sold in the market. Working capital requirement for manufacturing goods against local/export order.  

 

 

 

3 SALAM Short-term facility where Bank purchases homogenous commodity from customer to be delivered at a future date against full advance payment. After taking physical delivery from customer, goods are sold in the market. Working capital finance for homogenous goods to be available in future (ideal for agriculture sector).

 

4 RUNNING MUSHARAKAH Short to medium-term facility where Bank creates partnership with customer in its operating activities. Profit is shared between Bank and customer as per pre agreed profit sharing ratio whereas loss is shared by both parties in proportion to their investments. Alternative to conventional running finance product. · Contract of partnership instead of interest-based loan

 

· Income based on actual profit earned by entity during subject period instead of predetermined rate of interest

5 IJARAH Medium to long-term Islamic leasing facility. Asset remains in ownership and name of Bank throughout the tenure and is leased to customer against periodic rentals. Upon termination or maturity, asset is transferred to customer through gift or sale. Procurement of plant, vehicle, machinery, equipment. · Contract of Islamic leasing instead of loan

 

· Rental to start after delivery of asset instead of disbursement date.

 

· Rental to stop if asset is unusable or destroyed

 

· Risk of asset is borne by Bank during lease of tenure unless misconduct, fraud or negligence is proven on part of customer

 

· Ownership related expenses borne by Bank

 

· No markup/penalty on late payment by customer. Customer may however, undertake to donate certain amount to Bank for charitable purposes in case of late payment

6 DIMINISHING MUSHARAKAH Medium to long-term facility for joint purchase of asset by Bank and Customer. Bank leases its share of asset to customer against periodic rentals and customer buys Bank’s share over the period to eventually become complete owner of the asset. Procurement of plant, vehicle, machinery, equipment. · Contract of partnership instead of loan

 

· Rental to start after delivery of asset to customer

 

· Rental to stop if asset is unusable or destroyed

 

· Risk of asset is borne by Bank for its share unless misconduct, fraud or negligence on part of customer

 

· Ownership related expenses borne by Bank up to its share

 

· No markup/penalty on late payment by customer. Customer may however, undertake to donate certain amount to bank for charitable purposes in case of late payment

 

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    Last Update: 29/05/2024 01:39

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